Anselm Kiefer was born in 1945 in Donaueschingen, Germany; he lives and works in Paris. Solo exhibition have been dedicated to Anselm Kiefer since the beginning of his carrier by prestigious museums among which: Kunsthalle, Bern (1978); Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven (1979); Groniger Museum, Gronigen (1980); Museum Folkwang, Essen (1981); Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf; Musée d’Art Contemporain, BordeauxARC/Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris and the Israel Museum, Jerusalem (1984); Stadelijk Museum, Amsterdam (1986); Art Institute of Chicago, Museum of Art of Philadelphia, MOCA in Los Angeles and MoMA in New York (1987); Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin (1991); Sezon Museum of Art, Tokyo, Kyoto National Museum of Art (1993); Hiroshima Museum of Contemporay Art (1993); Museo di Capodimonte, Naples (1997); The Museum of Modern Art, Sao Paulo (1998); The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (1998); Galleria d’Arte Moderna, Boogna (1999); Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst, Ghent (2000); The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington DC and San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (2005); Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, Amsterdam (2011); Ludwig Museum, Koblenz (2012); Royal Academy of Arts, London (2014). In 1977 he was invited to Documenta in Kassel. In 1980 his work was presented at the XXIX Venice Biennale, in the German Pavilion, where received numerous accolades from critics. In 2007, the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao has presented a major retrospective of him, and in the same year the Louvre in Paris has commissioned to the artist a work for its permanent collection.